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Health and Wellness

  1. Health and Wellness

Vocabulary list





Mental Health

Immune System
















Read and do the exercises that follow.

Passage: “Balancing Health and Wellness”

The journey to health and wellness is crucial in today’s fast-paced world. Proper nutrition plays a vital role in maintaining overall health, as it boosts the immune system and helps prevent obesity. Mental health, equally important, requires attention and care, with stress often being a significant factor affecting it. Regular exercise not only improves cardiovascular health but also contributes to better mental wellness.

Hygiene is another critical aspect of health, helping to ward off viruses and other illnesses. Despite advancements in medicine, issues like chronic diseases and allergies remain prevalent. The importance of vaccination cannot be overstated in the fight against infectious diseases. Understanding the role of metabolism and the effects of dehydration on the body is also key in maintaining good health. Embracing wellness means integrating all these aspects

into our daily lives.

Exercise I: Vocabulary Matching

Match the word to its meaning.

  1. Nutrition – A. Continuous and long-lasting illness
  2. Immune System – B. The practice of keeping oneself clean
  3. Obesity – C. Physical activity to improve health
  4. Mental Health – D. The science of food and how it affects the body
  5. Stress – E. State of being significantly overweight
  6. Hygiene – F. Body’s defense system against diseases
  7. Chronic – G. Psychological well-being
  8. Vaccination – H. The process of receiving a vaccine
  9. Metabolism – I. The body’s process of converting food into energy
  10. Dehydration – J. Lack of sufficient water in the body

Exercise II: True/False Questions

  1. Mental health is less important than physical health. (False)
  2. Regular exercise contributes to both physical and mental wellness. (True)
  3. Hygiene is unrelated to the prevention of viruses. (False)
  4. Chronic diseases can be quickly cured. (False)
  5. Vaccinations play no role in controlling infectious diseases. (False)

Exercise III: Summary Completion

Fill in the blanks with words from the passage.

Balanced (1) is key to maintaining health, including a strong (2). Regular (3) and proper (4) are essential to prevent health issues like (5).

(Answers: 1. nutrition, 2. immune system, 3. exercise, 4. hygiene, 5. obesity)

Exercise IV: Discussion

  1. Mental vs. Physical Health: Compare the importance of mental health to physical health. Why is it important to maintain a balance between the two?
  2. Impact of Lifestyle Choices: Discuss how daily habits and lifestyle choices can affect one’s overall health and wellness. How can individuals make more health-conscious decisions?
  3. Challenges in Healthcare: Explore the challenges faced by healthcare systems worldwide in promoting health and wellness. What improvements would you suggest to make healthcare more accessible and effective?