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Environment and Sustainability

  1. Environment and Sustainability

Vocabulary list









Climate Change

Greenhouse Gases





Carbon Footprint



Fossil Fuels

Solar Energy



Read and do the exercises that follow.

Passage: “The Importance of Ecosystem Conservation”

In recent years, the importance of ecosystem conservation has become increasingly evident. Our planet’s ecosystems are rich in biodiversity, providing habitats for a wide variety of species. However, issues like deforestation and pollution have posed serious threats to these ecosystems. Climate change, driven by greenhouse gas emissions, further exacerbates the problem, leading to the endangerment of numerous species.

Renewable energy sources, such as solar energy, are essential in combating climate change. By reducing our reliance on fossil fuels, we can decrease carbon emissions and help preserve our environment. Sustainable practices in both our personal lives and in industry are crucial. This includes recycling and using biodegradable materials to lessen our ecological footprint.

The conservation of ecosystems is not just about protecting wildlife; it’s also about maintaining the balance that supports all life on Earth. Overpopulation and excessive consumption have strained our natural resources. By understanding the importance of ecology and acting to preserve our organic world, we can ensure a healthier planet for future generations.

Exercise I: Vocabulary Matching

Match the word to its meaning.

  1. Ecosystem – A. Decrease in the number of trees in forests
  2. Biodiversity – B. A variety of different types of life found in an area
  3. Conservation – C. The study of how organisms interact with their environment
  4. Deforestation – D. The protection and preservation of natural resources
  5. Pollution – E. An area where living things interact with each other and their environment
  6. Climate Change – F. Harmful contamination of the natural environment
  7. Greenhouse Gases – G. Gases that trap heat in the atmosphere and contribute to global warming
  8. Renewable – H. Sources of energy that can be replenished naturally
  9. Sustainable – I. Practices that do not deplete natural resources
  10. Recycling – J. Processing used materials into new products

Exercise II: True/False Questions

  1. Ecosystems do not have much impact on the variety of species. (False)
  2. Pollution and deforestation are threats to ecosystems. (True)
  3. Climate change is unrelated to greenhouse gas emissions. (False)
  4. Using renewable energy sources can help combat climate change. (True)
  5. Recycling is an unsustainable practice. (False)

Exercise III: Summary Completion

Fill in the blanks with words from the passage.

The (1) of ecosystems is crucial for maintaining biodiversity and providing (2) for various species. The increase in (3) emissions has led to climate change, which is a significant threat to our environment. Adopting (4) energy sources like solar and practicing (5) are essential steps in protecting our planet.

(Answers: 1. conservation, 2. habitats, 3. greenhouse gas, 4. renewable, 5. sustainability/recycling)

Exercise IV: Discussion

  1. Human Impact: Discuss how human activities, like urbanization and industrialization, have impacted ecosystems and biodiversity. What steps can individuals and communities take to reduce their ecological footprint?
  2. Climate Change Solutions: Explore various strategies to combat climate change. How effective do you think renewable energy sources are in preserving ecosystems?
  3. Conservation Efforts: Debate the role of governments and international organizations in ecosystem conservation. What policies or initiatives could be most effective in protecting endangered species and habitats?