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Present Simple (A1-A2)

Present Simple Tense (A1-A2)

Introduction

The Present Simple tense is one of the most commonly used tenses in English. It is used to describe habits, unchanging situations, general truths, and fixed arrangements. Let’s look at an example text to see how it works in practice:

“Jessica lives in New York. She works as a graphic designer. She loves her job and goes to work every day. She always eats breakfast before she leaves for work. New York never sleeps, and Jessica enjoys the city’s busy life.”

In this text, the Present Simple tense is used to describe Jessica’s regular actions, her job, and general statements about New York.

Form

The Present Simple tense is formed using the base form of the verb for all persons except the third person singular (he/she/it), where an -s or -es is added.

Here is a table showing the form of the Present Simple tense:

Subject Base Form 3rd Person Singular
I work works
You work works
He/She/It work works
We work works
They work works

Note: For verbs that end in -y preceded by a consonant, change the -y to -ies (e.g., study → studies). For verbs that end in -o, -ch, -sh, -ss, -x, or -z, add -es (e.g., go → goes).

Present Simple “BE”

The verb “to be” is irregular in the Present Simple:

Subject Base Form
I am
You are
He/She/It is
We are
They are

Meaning and Use

The Present Simple tense is used to express:

  1. Habits and routines: “She travels to Japan every year.”
  2. Permanent situations: “He lives in Paris.”
  3. General truths: “Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius.”
  4. Fixed arrangements: “The store opens at 9 AM.”

Signal Words

Certain words often accompany the Present Simple to indicate routine or habitual actions. These include: always, often, usually, sometimes, rarely, never, every day, on Mondays, etc.

Example sentences:

  • “I usually wake up at 7 AM.”
  • “He never forgets to call his mother on Sundays.”
  • “The library opens at 8 AM every day.”