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Home » Academic English » What is Academic English? » Daily/Academic Use Vs Academic Use

Daily/Academic Use Vs Academic Use

In academic English, words often have more specific or restricted meanings compared to their general use in everyday language. This can be important for precision in communication within academic fields.

Everyday/Academic Use Everyday Meaning Example Sentence (Everyday Use) Academic Use Academic Meaning Example Sentence (Academic Use)
Abstract existing in thought or as an idea but not having a physical or concrete existence His ideas were abstract and not always easy to understand. Abstract of a paper A brief summary of the research findings and conclusions in a scholarly article The abstract of the study succinctly describes the hypothesis, methods, results, and conclusions.
Medium an agency or means of doing something Social media is a powerful medium for spreading information. Medium in science The intervening substance through which sensory impressions are conveyed or physical forces are transmitted In the experiment, the medium used for growing the bacteria was a nutrient-rich agar.
Object a material thing that can be seen and touched The object was so far away, we could barely see it. Object of study The focus or subject of academic research and analysis The primary object of the study is to understand the behavior of quantum particles.
Critical finding fault She is always critical of her own work, striving for perfection. Critical thinking The objective analysis and evaluation of an argument to form a judgment Critical thinking skills are essential for evaluating the validity of studies in peer-reviewed journals.
Field an area of open land, especially one planted with crops or pasture The children love playing in the field behind our house. Field of study A particular branch of academic or scientific knowledge or practice Her field of study is marine biology, with a focus on coral reef ecosystems.
Review to look back over something He decided to review his notes before the exam. Literature review A comprehensive survey of scholarly sources on a particular topic The literature review revealed a gap in research regarding the effects of mindfulness on chronic pain.
Novel new or unusual in an interesting way She always has a novel approach to solving everyday problems. Novel finding A finding that is new and has not been previously identified or recognized in academic research The study presented a novel finding on the relationship between sleep patterns and memory retention.
Monitor to observe and check the progress or quality of something over a period of time We’ll need to monitor the cake to make sure it doesn’t burn. Monitor in research To systematically observe, measure, and record data in a study Researchers will monitor the patients’ responses to the medication throughout the trial.
Significant sufficiently great or important to be worthy of attention His contribution was significant; without it, we wouldn’t have finished on time. Statistical significance The likelihood that a relationship or result observed in a study did not occur by random chance The results showed statistical significance, indicating that the findings are unlikely to be due to chance.

 

Everyday/Academic Use Everyday Meaning Example Sentence (Everyday Use) Academic Use Academic Meaning Example Sentence (Academic Use)
Access the means to approach or enter a place The hotel provides easy access to the beach. Access in a study The availability of data or resources for examination The research grant provided access to extensive archives previously unavailable.
Address a formal speech or written statement The president gave a stirring address to the nation. Address a problem/issue To deal with or discuss a specific topic or issue The paper addresses the issue of climate change impacts on agriculture.
Argument a disagreement or conflict They got into an argument over where to have dinner. An academic argument A reasoned, logical way of demonstrating the truth of a hypothesis The author’s argument is supported by recent findings in neuroscience.
Bias a preference or inclination He has a bias for action movies over comedies. Bias in research A systematic error that can affect scientific investigations and distort results The study’s design aimed to minimize bias by blinding both participants and researchers.
Compound a thing that is composed of two or more separate elements The new cleaning compound can remove even the toughest stains. Chemical compound A substance formed from two or more elements chemically united in fixed proportions The chemical compound tetrahydrocannabinol is responsible for the psychoactive effects of cannabis.
Critical expressing adverse or disapproving comments or judgments His review of the play was critical and pointed out several flaws. Critical analysis An objective examination and evaluation of an issue in order to form a judgment Her critical analysis of the text revealed inconsistencies in the narrative.
Model a three-dimensional representation of a person or thing or of a proposed structure The architect built a model of the new house. A theoretical model A simplified representation or abstraction of reality used to explain phenomena The theoretical model predicts outcomes that closely match the experimental data.
Positive with no possibility of doubt; clear and definite She tested positive for the virus. Positive result in science An outcome in which the hypothesis is confirmed by the data The positive results indicate a strong correlation between the variables studied.
Variable liable to change or vary The variable weather made it hard to plan outdoor activities. Variable in an experiment An element, feature, or factor that is liable to vary among the participants in a study The study measured the effects of several variables on plant growth.
Significant sufficiently great or important to be worthy of attention His significant other is always his first call after a long day. Statistical significance The likelihood that a relationship or result observed in a study did not occur by random chance The experiment found a statistically significant difference between the two groups.

 

 

Everyday/Academic Use Everyday Meaning Example Sentence (Everyday Use) Academic Use Academic Meaning Example Sentence (Academic Use)
Impact the action of one object coming forcibly into contact with another The impact of the ball shattered the window. Impact in research The significant effect or influence of a finding or development The impact of the research on public health policy was profound and far-reaching.
Engage occupy or attract (someone’s interest or attention) He engaged the audience with his storytelling. Engage in academic discourse To participate in a detailed discussion or argument about a subject Scholars must engage with the existing literature to fully understand the research context.
Scale a set of numbers, amounts, etc., used to measure or compare the level of something The earthquake measured 7.2 on the Richter scale. Scale in research The quantitative range or scope of a study or measurement system The study used a Likert scale to quantify participants’ attitudes toward the policy.
Grant agree to give or allow (something requested) to The company granted him a leave of absence. Research grant Funds awarded to support scholarly research or a project The team received a grant to investigate renewable energy solutions.
Table a piece of furniture with a flat top and one or more legs We gathered around the kitchen table for dinner. Table a discussion/item To postpone or suspend consideration of a proposal or motion The committee decided to table the issue until more data could be gathered.
Framework a basic structure underlying a system, concept, or text The framework of the house was constructed in a week. Theoretical framework A structure that can hold together or support a theory or concept The theoretical framework for the study draws on social cognitive theory.
Investigate carry out research or study into a subject to discover facts or information The detective investigated the mysterious circumstances of the case. Investigate in academia To systematically study a subject scientifically to discover new information The study investigates the potential therapeutic effects of the new drug.
Conserve protect (something, especially something of environmental or cultural importance) from harm or destruction We need to conserve water during the drought. Conserve in scientific research To use or manage (a resource) wisely; prevent wastage The research focuses on how to conserve biodiversity in urban areas.
Principle a fundamental truth or proposition that serves as the foundation for a system of belief or behavior The principle of treating others as you wish to be treated is universal. Principle in science A fundamental concept or law that is assumed to be valid and true The principle of conservation of energy underlies many theories in physics.
Process a series of actions or steps taken in order to achieve a particular end The process of making bread can take several hours. Process in academic research A systematic series of mechanistic steps underlying a phenomenon The research paper details the process by which cells replicate their DNA.

Underline

Everyday/Academic Use Everyday Meaning Example Sentence (Everyday Use) Academic Use Academic Meaning Example Sentence (Academic Use)
Underline draw a line under (something) Please underline the important sentences in the document. Underline in research To emphasize or highlight something as important The study aims to underline the connection between diet and health outcomes.

Discipline

Everyday/Academic Use Everyday Meaning Example Sentence (Everyday Use) Academic Use Academic Meaning Example Sentence (Academic Use)
Discipline training to improve strength or self-control The athlete’s daily discipline was key to his success. Academic discipline A branch of knowledge, typically studied in higher education Nanotechnology is a discipline that draws on physics, chemistry, and engineering.

Solid

Everyday/Academic Use Everyday Meaning Example Sentence (Everyday Use) Academic Use Academic Meaning Example Sentence (Academic Use)
Solid firm and stable in shape; not liquid or fluid The ice was solid enough to skate on. Solid in academic context Reliable or well-founded; substantial The hypothesis must be based on solid evidence to be credible in the scientific community.

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